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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Haltaş, İsmail; Elçi, Şebnem; Tayfur, Gökmen;

    Dams are important structures having many functions such as water supply, flood control, hydroelectric power and recreation. Although dam break failures are very rare events, dams can fail with little warning and the damage at the downstream of the dam due to the flood wave can be catastrophic. During a dam failure, immense volume of water is mobilized at very high speed in a very short time. The momentum of the flood wave can turn to a very destructive impact force in residential areas. Therefore, from risk point of view, understanding the consequences of a possible dam failure is critically important. This study deals with the methodology utilized for predicting the flood wave occurring after the dam break and analyses the propagation of the flood wave downstream of the dam. The methodology used in this study includes creation of bathymetric, DEM and land use maps; routing of the flood wave along the valley using a 1D model; and two dimensional numerical modeling of the propagation and spreading of flood wave for various dam breaching scenarios in two different urban areas. Such a methodology is a vital tool for decision-making process since it takes into account the spatial heterogeneity of the basin parameters to predict flood wave propagation downstream of the dam. Proposed methodology is applied to two dams; Porsuk Dam located in Eskişehir and Alibey Dam located in Istanbul, Turkey. Both dams are selected based on the fact that they have dense residential areas downstream and such a failure would be disastrous in both cases. Model simulations based on three different dam breaching scenarios showed that maximum flow depth can reach to 5 m at the border of the residential areas both in Eskişehir and in Istanbul with a maximum flow velocity of 5 m/s and flood waves having 0.3 m height reach to the boundary of the residential area within 1 to 2 h. Flooded area in Eskişehir was estimated as 127 km2, whereas in Istanbul this area was 8.4 km2 in total. Turkish Science Foundation (TUBITAK) Project No: 110M240

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    Cranfield CERES
    Article . 2016
    License: CC BY NC
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    DSpace@IZTECH
    Article . 2016
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    Aperta - TÜBİTAK Açık Arşivi
    Other literature type . 2016
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Water Resources Management
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Springer TDM
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      Cranfield CERES
      Article . 2016
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      DSpace@IZTECH
      Article . 2016
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      Aperta - TÜBİTAK Açık Arşivi
      Other literature type . 2016
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Water Resources Management
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Johnson, David; Ferreira, Maria Adelaide;

    ATLAS work package 7 presentation at ATLAS 3rd General Assembly The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN Resolution A/RES/70/1, 2015) set out 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 associated targets. Some of these have the potential to reinforce each other, whilst others may conflict and require trade-offs. The UN Oceans Conference in 2017 was largely dedicated to SDG 14 and work is needed to integrate this ocean-specific goal with other SDGs (e.g. SDG 12 Responsible Consumption and Production). A feature of the 2017 UN Oceans Conference (and some previous and subsequent events) was a request for voluntary commitments (VCs) intended to provide resources and expertise needed to implement the SDGs. By the end of 2017 a total of 1406 VCs had been registered. A Workshop convened by the Institute of Advanced Sustainability Studies in Potsdam in December 2017 discussed setting up a system of tracking and reporting on these VCs; creating a global registry and so-called ‘communities of ocean action’. This is the first time the ocean has been included prominently within a globally agreed overarching sustainability agenda. Cooperation at the regional scale is advocated through transparent multi-stakeholder partnerships and regular dialogues. How this is to take place in any coordinated way is unclear. ATLAS has an opportunity to demonstrate successful cross-sectoral learning and coordination. Synergies and trade-offs can be highly place-specific and tailored to governance contexts so practical examples from ATLAS case studies are needed. The success of these spatially managed marine areas relates directly to concepts of Blue Growth. Ferreira et al. (2018) have proposed a framework to evaluate marine spatial planning focussing on tangible outcomes. A suite of 15 indicators as a participatory approach to monitoring and evaluation were selected to evaluate the Portuguese marine governance framework. The utility of the model, comprising both contextual indicators and indicators specific to MSP inputs, process, outputs and outcomes, is now being considered as a basis for evaluating different national MSPlans. In theory it could also be adapted to the ATLAS context, for specific ‘blue growth’ case studies, taking into account deep-sea ecosystem goods and services related to delivery of the SDGs, in line with MESMA Framework Step 6.

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    ZENODO
    Other literature type . 2018
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    ZENODO
    Presentation . 2018
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      Other literature type . 2018
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      ZENODO
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Matti Seppälä;

    Abstract Traditionally, road alignments followed easy landscapes and suitable landforms. When traffic and the size and weight of vehicles increased and higher speeds were used, straighter roads were required; the easygoing relief could not always be used, and problems arose. Road contractors could save money in building and maintenance costs by considering the geomorphic facts. The examples from Finland document why road construction is very expensive in the conditions generated by severe winters. In Finland, more paved roads cross the Arctic Circle than in the whole of North America. This paper gives examples of geomorphic elements affecting road construction in a cold environment: eskers, drumlins, plains of late and postglacial glaciolacustrine and marine sediments, mires, steep rock cliffs, river channels and ice-dams, fluvial erosion, and palsas. Solutions to these problems include removal of frost sensible materials and replacement by more favorable sediments. Road surfaces, kept snow-free in the wintertime, are subjected to deep freezing. The maintenance of roads can be supported with some solutions that affect snowdrift and icing problems, avoidance of geomorphic factors that cause problems, and by using natural processes to help people. Some examples of how road construction affects geomorphic processes and vice versa are provided. For example, bridges block moving river ice, and on special occasions, road banks cause icing.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Geomorphologyarrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Geomorphology
    Article . 1999 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Geomorphologyarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Geomorphology
      Article . 1999 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Martin, Juliette C; Fletcher, Ruth; Weatherdon, Lauren V; McDermott Long, Osgur; +1 Authors

    ATLAS work package 6 presentation at ATLAS 3rd General Assembly Updates on two projects of relevance to the ATLAS Project will be provided: The GEF-funded Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ) Deep Seas Project, and the marine component of Proteus. Working primarily with regional organisations responsible for the management of deep-sea fisheries and Regional Seas Programmes, the ABNJ Deep Seas Project aims to support ways of improving the conservation of marine biodiversity and sustainability of deep sea fisheries so that ecosystems in ABNJ can continue to provide economic, social and environmental benefits to everyone, now and in the future. The Project seeks a better understanding of the different demands placed upon deep sea ecosystems in ABNJ by exploring which area-based planning tools are most likely to be effective. Here, we provide updates on a various deliverables of this Project, including case studies, a national data inventory and a regional capacity assessment. Through the Proteus Partnership, UNEP-WCMC has led work on improving the accessibility and visibility of marine and coastal datasets for decision-makers. It is hoped that these efforts will also contribute to improving data gaps in ABNJ. Under the marine component of Proteus, the Ocean+ Initiative was recently launched. Reliable data on marine and coastal ecosystems lie at the heart of informed decision-making that sustains marine biodiversity, yet these data are often fragmented and difficult to access, with ever-shifting baselines of knowledge. The Ocean+ initiative therefore aims to contribute to a step-change in global access to, and use of, ocean and coastal biodiversity information and spatial data to support the transition to a healthy ocean. Under this new initiative, Ocean+ Data, an online library of ocean and coastal resources, has recently been launched. Ocean+ Data contains global datasets that were listed in the regional data manuals published under the ABNJ project in 2017. This will be followed by the launch of Ocean+ Habitat Atlas, the first authoritative resource on the known extent of ocean habitats globally—including seagrasses, warm- and cold-water corals, mangroves and saltmarshes. Here, we show how these efforts will help move the conservation agenda forward by tracking progress towards global targets, such as the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and Sustainable Development Goals, and helping to prioritise areas for capacity development and management.

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    ZENODO
    Other literature type . 2018
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    Presentation . 2018
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    Authors: Biliana Cicin-Sain;

    The Roadmap to Oceans and Climate Action (ROCA) is a multi-stakeholder initiative involving governments, international agencies, NGOs, scientific institutions, private sector, and subnational authorities to advance the oceans and climate agenda (especially in the UNFCCC, the UN Ocean Conference, and in other United Nations fora), and at the national level in all countries. ROCA was launched at the UNFCCC COP 22 in Marrakech, Morocco. The ROCA works to implement the Strategic Action Roadmap on Oceans and Climate: 2016-2021, first discussed at the Oceans Day at COP 21 in Paris 2015, and then prepared in detail by 37 international experts throughout 2016 and highlighted at the Oceans Action Day at COP 22 Marrakech (November 12, 2016). The Roadmap presents analyses and recommendations in six major areas: Central of role of oceans in regulating climate, mitigation, adaptation and Blue Economy, displacement, financing, and capacity development, for implementation in the next 5 years. For each of these issues, the Roadmap addresses: the current status of the issue (and, as relevant, the science related to the issue) the current state of play of the issue within the UNFCCC the opportunities and pathways that may be available within the UNFCCC to advance the issue in the next five years the opportunities and pathways that may be available outside of the UNFCCC to advance the issue financial considerations regarding each issue The Roadmap report features a Foreword by H.E. Ambassador Ronald Jumeau, Ambassador for Climate Change and Small Island Developing State Issues, Republic of Seychelles; H.E. Ambassador Caleb Otto, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Palau to the United Nations; and H.E. Ambassador Angus Friday, Ambassador to the Unites States of America, the United Mexican States, and the Organization of American States, Embassy of Grenada, Washington DC. Please see: Roadmap to Oceans and Climate Action Report: https://globaloceanforumdotcom.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/strategic-action-roadmap-on-oceans-and-climate-november-2016.pdf

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    ZENODO
    Other literature type . 2017
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    Authors: Michael O'Leary; Victorien Paumard; Ingrid Ward;

    Abstract Almost 2 million square km of Australia’s continental shelf was flooded following the termination of the last glacial maximum, and with it the cultural heritage of the first arrival and coastal occupation of Australia beginning some 65,000 years ago. In order to prospect for this missing cultural record, we must first identify submerged coastal landscapes and landforms that likely provided favourable environments for occupation and resource use. However, this task is challenged by the sheer size of the Australian continental margin. To help address this, we use industry 3D seismic datasets, that cover vast areas of Australia’s continental shelf, to map seafloor bathymetry at high resolution (10–25 m). Our study focuses an area of 6500 square km on the mid/outer shelf regions proximal to Barrow Island. The 3D seismic bathymetry revealed a highly complex and geomorphically mature coastal landscape preserved at depths of 70–75 m below sea level, including coastal barrier dunes, lagoonal systems, tidal flats and estuarine channels. Based on the depth of the submerged shorelines and reconstructed sea level curves, the age range of these coastal landforms is constrained to Marine Isotope Stage 3 (57–29 ka), which overlaps with the known onset of occupation at Barrow Island and the wider Carnarvon bioregion and the adjacent Pilbara. Such feature preservation has significant geoheritage value, but also allows for human behavioural ecology modelling and provides targets for future dating and site survey.

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    Quaternary Science Reviews
    Article . 2020 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Quaternary Science Reviews
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    Authors: Sierra Ison; Sierra Ison; Theo Ison; Theo Ison; +4 Authors

    Seamounts provide oases of hard substrate in the deep sea that are frequently associated with locally enhanced biological productivity and diversity. There is now increasing recognition of their ecological and socio-economic importance. However, management strategies for these habitats are constrained not only by limited ecological understanding but by the general public’s understanding of the pressures facing these ecosystems. This study adds to the growing literature on willingness to pay for conservation of deep-sea ecosystems and species by undertaking a stated preference survey to assess tourist’s awareness of seamounts and their preferences for protection within the Galapagos Marine Reserve. Visitors’ perceptions of seamount biodiversity must be studied because tourists are key drivers of the Galapagos economy and account for 41% of the Marine Reserve budget. Our survey captured the attitudes, perceptions and willingness to pay of tourists for an increase in the entrance fee to the Galapagos Marine Reserve. Results showed tourists were willing to pay on average US$48.93 in addition to existing entrance fees. The results of this study support the willingness to develop a multiuse management plan for the Galapagos Marine Reserve, balancing conservation, local communities livelihoods and sustainable tourism. Our results evidence a willingness to support and fund conservation, which is of critical importance to both the Galapagos National Park and local non-governmental organizations heavily reliant for their work on entrance fees and donations respectively. Overall, the conclusion from this study is that, despite limited knowledge, visitors of the Galapagos Islands attach positive and significant values to the conservation of seamount biodiversity.

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    Frontiers in Marine Science
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    DOAJ
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      Frontiers in Marine Science
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      DOAJ
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    Authors: Tinch, Rob; Hynes, Stephen; Armstrong, Claire W.; Chen, Wenting;

    There is now high-level recognition that the UN Sustainable Development Goals can only be achieved if the decline of ecosystems and biodiversity can be halted and reversed. This will require effective control of ongoing pressures, meaningful protection and enforcement of protected areas, and significant investments in ecosystem restoration. This paper explores the possible use of economic valuation and appraisal in achieving these goals in marine systems and discusses the European marine policy instruments where they should have an important role The paper first briefly reviews the tools of economic valuation and appraisal for marine ecosystem management. A critique of the use of economic valuation and appraisal in marine conservation and restoration is then presented. The paper argues that while progress has been made there remains a pressing need for better integration of marine environmental values in policy processes. It also highlights the fact that the focus on natural capital accounting, and more generally on green/blue growth and market instruments, could create a reliance on exchange values at the expense of welfare values required for policy appraisal.

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    Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics; ZENODO
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    Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
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      Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics; ZENODO
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    Authors: Launay, Marina, Launay; Le Coz, Jérôme; Diouf, Seydina; Camenen, B.; +2 Authors

    [Departement_IRSTEA]Eaux [TR1_IRSTEA]ARCEAU [ADD1_IRSTEA]Hydrosystèmes et risques naturels; International audience; The Arve River is the main contributor of the suspended particulate matter (SPM) flux to the Rhône River between Lake Geneva and the city of Lyon. A reliable evaluation of the Arve River average delivery is crucial for the knowledge and management of sedimentary fluxes in this section of the Rhône and through its hydroelectric installations. This study aims to re-evaluate the average fine suspension flux of the Arve by crossing historical data with reference SPM fluxes for the years 2012 to 2017 derived from continuous turbidity monitoring at the Geneva-Bout-du-Monde station of the Rhône Sediment Observatory. This dataset allowed evaluating the two flux calculation methods implemented by the Swiss National Hydrological Service for periods with discontinuous SPM measurements: the flow exceedance method and the two-segment sediment rating curve. Using the best combination of these methods, the average interannual flux between 1965 and 2017 was estimated at 0.68 Mt/yr with a standard deviation of 0.29 Mt/yr. This value is consistent with the average flux measured by the turbidity station between 2012 and 2017 (0.63 Mt) and with historical monitoring for the year 1890 (0.71 Mt); nonetheless, it is well below the previous estimate proposed by the Étude globale Rhône (2000) report: between 1.0 and 3.6 Mt/year, which probably included the graded suspension of coarse silt and sand, very poorly known. From bathymetric and grainsize surveys of the deposits, it is estimated that the Verbois reservoir captures approximately 0.1 Mt/year of coarse particles from the Arve River, and about half of its SPM inputs.; L'Arve est le principal contributeur au flux de matières en suspension (MES) du Rhône entre le lac Léman et Lyon. Une évaluation fiable des apports moyens de MES de l'Arve est cruciale pour la connaissance et la gestion des flux sédimentaires sur ce secteur du Rhône et à travers ses aménagements hydroélectriques. Cette étude vise à réévaluer les flux moyens de l'Arve en suspension fine, en croisant les données historiques avec les flux de MES de référence pour les années 2012 à 2017 issus du suivi turbidimétrique en continu à la station de Genève Bout-du-Monde de l'Observatoire des sédiments du Rhône. Ce jeu de données a permis d'évaluer les deux méthodes de calcul des flux mises en oeuvre par le Service hydrologique national suisse pour les périodes avec des mesures discontinues des MES : la méthode des débits classés et la courbe de tarage sédimentaire à deux segments. En combinant au mieux ces méthodes, le flux moyen interannuel entre 1965 et 2017 est estimé à 0,68 Mt/an avec un écart-type de 0,29 Mt/an. Cette valeur est cohérente avec le flux moyen mesuré par la station turbidimétrique entre 2012 et 2017 (0,63 Mt) et avec un suivi historique pour l'année 1890 (0,71 Mt) ; en revanche, elle est nettement inférieure à l'estimation précédemment proposée par l'étude globale Rhône (2000), comprise entre 1,0 et 3,6 Mt/an, qui inclut sans doute la suspension graduée de sables et limons grossiers, très mal connue. À partir de relevés bathymétriques et granulométrique des dépôts, nous avons estimé que la retenue de Verbois intercepte approximativement 0,1 Mt/an de particules grossières issues de l'Arve et environ la moitié des apports de MES.

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    La Houille Blanche
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    Authors: Meneses, Rita; Greco, Andrea;

    Blue-Cloud is a European H2020 project aiming to federate and pilot innovative services for Marine Research & the Blue Economy. It will develop a marine thematic cloud for EOSC to explore and demonstrate the potential of cloud based open science for better understanding and managing the many aspects of sea and ocean sustainability. At the opening of the All Atlantic Ocean Research Forum (6-7 February 2020), Mariya Gabriel, the European Commissioner for innovation, research, education and youth, highlighted Blue-Cloud a key instrument for the sustainable ocean strategy. Blue-Cloud is the flagship project of the DG RTD Unit of the European Commission that will link the horizontal e-infrastructures supported by DG CNECT (e.g. EUDAT & D4Science) and DG GROW (e.g. Copernicus DIAS), long-term marine data initiative supported by DG MARE (e.g. EMODnet), research infrastructures supported by DG RTD and other recently funded thematic clouds (e.g. FNS-Cloud and BE OPEN). It federates leading European blue data management infrastructures (SeaDataNet, EurOBIS, Euro-Argo, ENA, Euro BioImaging, CMEMS and ICOS Marine), and horizontal e-infrastructures to capitalise on what already exists and to deliver the “Blue-Cloud” framework. The project holds great potential to deliver societal solutions via the implementation of five innovative demonstrators (www.blue-cloud.org/demonstrators), covering specific domains such as biodiversity and genomics, environment, fisheries and aquaculture. It is aware of the high importance of EOSC and data as a key resource for innovation and is working towards the establishment of a thematic marine EOSC serving the Blue Economy. Through a smart federation of data resources, computing facilities, and analytical tools Blue-Cloud aims to provide researchers with access to: 1) Blue multi-disciplinary data from observations, in-situ and remote sensing, data products and outputs of numerical models. 2) A blue Virtual Research Environment (VRE) with various services to support its users in undertaking world class science. What does Blue-Cloud bring to EOSC? A pilot thematic-EOSC as a role model for the development of other thematic clouds, with FAIR access to multidisciplinary data, analytical tools and computing and storage facilities that support multiple scientific research challenges. Services through pilot Demonstrators for oceans, seas and fresh water bodies for ecosystems research, conservation, forecasting and innovation in the Blue Economy. A mechanism to easily access and discover blue data, with APIs to access blue services that will complement EOSC base services providing blue thematic functionalities. Examples on how a framework like Blue-Cloud can address one or several of the policy challenges defined in many programmes, namely Bioeconomy Strategy, the Circular Economy Strategy, the Blue Growth Strategy, the Common Fisheries Policy, the Maritime Spatial Planning Directive and the International Ocean Governance Communication. A Global Blue-Economy community close to the EOSC vision, including the marine and maritime industry. The opportunity of bringing EOSC in the Blue Economy long-term vision via the policy oriented Blue Cloud Roadmap to 2030 which seeks a series of EU Calls for further development and uptake of the Blue Cloud by multiple VRE applications and connecting additional marine data infrastructures.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Haltaş, İsmail; Elçi, Şebnem; Tayfur, Gökmen;

    Dams are important structures having many functions such as water supply, flood control, hydroelectric power and recreation. Although dam break failures are very rare events, dams can fail with little warning and the damage at the downstream of the dam due to the flood wave can be catastrophic. During a dam failure, immense volume of water is mobilized at very high speed in a very short time. The momentum of the flood wave can turn to a very destructive impact force in residential areas. Therefore, from risk point of view, understanding the consequences of a possible dam failure is critically important. This study deals with the methodology utilized for predicting the flood wave occurring after the dam break and analyses the propagation of the flood wave downstream of the dam. The methodology used in this study includes creation of bathymetric, DEM and land use maps; routing of the flood wave along the valley using a 1D model; and two dimensional numerical modeling of the propagation and spreading of flood wave for various dam breaching scenarios in two different urban areas. Such a methodology is a vital tool for decision-making process since it takes into account the spatial heterogeneity of the basin parameters to predict flood wave propagation downstream of the dam. Proposed methodology is applied to two dams; Porsuk Dam located in Eskişehir and Alibey Dam located in Istanbul, Turkey. Both dams are selected based on the fact that they have dense residential areas downstream and such a failure would be disastrous in both cases. Model simulations based on three different dam breaching scenarios showed that maximum flow depth can reach to 5 m at the border of the residential areas both in Eskişehir and in Istanbul with a maximum flow velocity of 5 m/s and flood waves having 0.3 m height reach to the boundary of the residential area within 1 to 2 h. Flooded area in Eskişehir was estimated as 127 km2, whereas in Istanbul this area was 8.4 km2 in total. Turkish Science Foundation (TUBITAK) Project No: 110M240

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    Cranfield CERES
    Article . 2016
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    DSpace@IZTECH
    Article . 2016
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    Aperta - TÜBİTAK Açık Arşivi
    Other literature type . 2016
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Water Resources Management
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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      Cranfield CERES
      Article . 2016
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      DSpace@IZTECH
      Article . 2016
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      Aperta - TÜBİTAK Açık Arşivi
      Other literature type . 2016
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      Water Resources Management
      Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Johnson, David; Ferreira, Maria Adelaide;

    ATLAS work package 7 presentation at ATLAS 3rd General Assembly The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN Resolution A/RES/70/1, 2015) set out 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 associated targets. Some of these have the potential to reinforce each other, whilst others may conflict and require trade-offs. The UN Oceans Conference in 2017 was largely dedicated to SDG 14 and work is needed to integrate this ocean-specific goal with other SDGs (e.g. SDG 12 Responsible Consumption and Production). A feature of the 2017 UN Oceans Conference (and some previous and subsequent events) was a request for voluntary commitments (VCs) intended to provide resources and expertise needed to implement the SDGs. By the end of 2017 a total of 1406 VCs had been registered. A Workshop convened by the Institute of Advanced Sustainability Studies in Potsdam in December 2017 discussed setting up a system of tracking and reporting on these VCs; creating a global registry and so-called ‘communities of ocean action’. This is the first time the ocean has been included prominently within a globally agreed overarching sustainability agenda. Cooperation at the regional scale is advocated through transparent multi-stakeholder partnerships and regular dialogues. How this is to take place in any coordinated way is unclear. ATLAS has an opportunity to demonstrate successful cross-sectoral learning and coordination. Synergies and trade-offs can be highly place-specific and tailored to governance contexts so practical examples from ATLAS case studies are needed. The success of these spatially managed marine areas relates directly to concepts of Blue Growth. Ferreira et al. (2018) have proposed a framework to evaluate marine spatial planning focussing on tangible outcomes. A suite of 15 indicators as a participatory approach to monitoring and evaluation were selected to evaluate the Portuguese marine governance framework. The utility of the model, comprising both contextual indicators and indicators specific to MSP inputs, process, outputs and outcomes, is now being considered as a basis for evaluating different national MSPlans. In theory it could also be adapted to the ATLAS context, for specific ‘blue growth’ case studies, taking into account deep-sea ecosystem goods and services related to delivery of the SDGs, in line with MESMA Framework Step 6.

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    ZENODO
    Other literature type . 2018
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    Presentation . 2018
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Matti Seppälä;

    Abstract Traditionally, road alignments followed easy landscapes and suitable landforms. When traffic and the size and weight of vehicles increased and higher speeds were used, straighter roads were required; the easygoing relief could not always be used, and problems arose. Road contractors could save money in building and maintenance costs by considering the geomorphic facts. The examples from Finland document why road construction is very expensive in the conditions generated by severe winters. In Finland, more paved roads cross the Arctic Circle than in the whole of North America. This paper gives examples of geomorphic elements affecting road construction in a cold environment: eskers, drumlins, plains of late and postglacial glaciolacustrine and marine sediments, mires, steep rock cliffs, river channels and ice-dams, fluvial erosion, and palsas. Solutions to these problems include removal of frost sensible materials and replacement by more favorable sediments. Road surfaces, kept snow-free in the wintertime, are subjected to deep freezing. The maintenance of roads can be supported with some solutions that affect snowdrift and icing problems, avoidance of geomorphic factors that cause problems, and by using natural processes to help people. Some examples of how road construction affects geomorphic processes and vice versa are provided. For example, bridges block moving river ice, and on special occasions, road banks cause icing.

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    Geomorphology
    Article . 1999 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Geomorphologyarrow_drop_down
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